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‘We like to keep a little mystery’: Britain’s female Freemasons – a photo essay


When you mention the Freemasons, people tend to have similar reactions: do members have a secret handshake? Do they roll up their trouser leg? Is there corruption? The one thing theydo not tend to think of are women.

The roots of women’s Freemasonry can be traced to France in 1882, when Maria Deraismes became the first woman initiated, at the Lodge of Free Thinkers. Co-masonry (Freemasonry that admits both men and women) was brought from France to the UK in 1902 by Dr Annie Besant, who became its leader. Besant was a feminist campaigner, social reformer and one of the organisers of the matchgirls strike in 1888.

Gaëlle Ndanga-Adjovi holds crossed poignards

In 1908, Britain’s co-masons cut free from French control and formed three lodges under a new Grand Lodge. In 1913 the Grand Lodge split after a dispute over degrees (the levels of Freemasonry), leading to the creation of two separate organisations that were to become the Order of Women Freemasons and Freemasonry for Women, both of which continue to operate. Since 1935 they have been women only.

A cuff on which the name of the lodge is embroidered.
The celestial globe; on the other pedestal is the terrestrial globe. The symbols mean the supreme being created everything.
The banner of Lodge Justice No 4.

They are run by two Grand Masters (the women’s lodges use the same language, traditions and rites as the men’s). The Order of Women Freemasons has several thousand members while Freemasonry for Women has about 700. There are craft lodges (local lodges) of female masons throughout the UK and abroad, including in the US, India, Gibraltar, Spain and Romania.

Freemasonry originated among guilds of stonemasons and its symbols are objects used in construction. There are three fundamental degrees of Freemasonry: the first is Initiation, when someone joins; the second is Passing to Fellowcraft; and the third is Master Mason, also known as the ceremony of Raising.

A Bible placed in front of the chair of the Master of the lodge. The repeated symbol of square and compass is the most recognisable in Freemasonry.
The letter G on Susan’s necklace stands for God and geometry, the latter is the basis of their order on which operative mason architects worked.

“When I joined in 1976 it was very much ‘them and us’ and you had to be kept in your place: it was rank orientated. But it is much more friendly now … the men have relaxed their attitude towards us. In the beginning, they were hostile and wouldn’t recognise us. Things have changed considerably,” says Christine Chapman.

Christine Chapman, 72, Most Worshipful Brother, Grand Master since 2014.
Nila Malviya, 76, Assistant Grand Almoner.

  • Christine Chapman, Most Worshipful Brother and Grand Master. Nila Malviya, 76, Assistant Grand Almoner.

Susan Bentley, 74, Grand Inspector General
Marilyn Podro, 82, Charity Officer. Graphic designer and member for 36 years

  • Susan Bentley, 74, a Grand Inspector General, and Marilyn Podro 82, a Charity Officer.

“It’s the most wonderful women’s club … The camaraderie. That fact that your situations in life change nobody knows what is coming but this is something constant. You can walk in and there is always a friendly face and a warm welcome … If you were with a partner before but you’re not with one later on, you still have somewhere you can go and feel comfortable. The lodge is always there for you,” says Susan Bentley.

Maxine Besser, Deputy Grand Master, 74. She lives in Sussex and has been a member since 1984.

“I joined because I was nosy. I was engaged to a guy whose father was a Freemason and they had all these lovely parties I moved to Brighton and eventually I found one of the guys I was friendly with. His mother was a Freemason and she introduced me to a London lodge, and here I am. I never aspired to this, it was an accident … I never dreamed that I would get to this position,” says Maxine Besser, Deputy Grand Master, 74.

Historically, Freemasonry has been a secretive affair, with members not allowed to discuss it with outsiders. Today there is more openness.

I was invited to a meeting of Lodge Justice No 4, part of Freemasonry for Women, in the north London suburb of Southgate. A ceremony of Raising was taking place as Mathilde Mbouck, a medical doctor from south-west London, was receiving her third degree, and becoming a Master Mason.

Mathilde Mbouck, 46, a medical doctor who lives in south-west London. During her Raising ceremony, her apron will be changed from one bearing two rosettes, signifying that she has completed her second degree, to one with three rosettes, showing that she has become a Master Mason.

  • Mathilde Mbouck, 46. During the ceremony her apron will change from one bearing two rosettes, signifying that she has completed her second degree, to one with three rosettes, showing that she has become a Master Mason.

The three rosettes signify her status as a Master Mason. Members wear light blue on their regalia unless they are given an honour. Dark blue is the colour of the Grand Lodge. Mathilde Mbouck is being helped on with the apron by Nila Malviya, Assistant Grand Almoner.

Even though there is more openness, there are parts of the meeting I am not allowed to see as a non-mason. “I would prefer to not use the word ‘secret’ but instead say that we like to keep a little mystery and an element of surprise,” says Flora Quintner, 84, a retired English and law lecturer.

“For example, you wouldn’t be impressed if you had just told a friend you were going to a movie and that friend blurted out what happened at the end. It would take all the enjoyment away from the event. Similarly, we keep the details of our ceremony private for the same reasons.”

I also ask her about the handshake and the rolled-up trouser leg. “Yes, there is a secret handshake but I’m not going to show it to you,” she laughs. And the trouser leg? “We wear skirts.”

The secret handshake is used to signify the degree a mason has reached. It should only be used during ceremonies and not outside the lodges.

Nila Malviya’s apron bears the Almoner’s symbol: a purse with a heart at the centre
The letter G, which stands for God and geometry, appears on various items in Freemasonry.
A smooth ashlar. On the other pedestal was a rough ashlar

In the past, if an individual wanted to become a Freemason they nearly always had to know someone who was a member, and the process could take several years. Now, people can apply to join online.

Those who wish to become a Freemason must meet three requirements: they must be over 18, of good character (there is an interview to establish this), and while they do not need to belong to a specific religion, they must believe in a supreme being – during the ceremonies people are required to swear an oath to a supreme being.

Flora Quintner 84, a retired English and law lecturer from Chingford in Greater London, enters the temple at the meeting.

And what about the allegations of corruption? “Personally, I have not heard of corruption within our organisation nor, for that matter, in the UGLE [United Grand Lodge of England, the male Freemasons],” Quintner says.

“Before joining, all Freemasons are told that Freemasonry holds no business or commercial advantages and that one should not join if they just wish to promote their business. We do not subscribe to conspiracy theories, which, we are pleased to say, have almost become a thing of the past.”

From left: Linda Green, 68, from Loughton. Her lodge is Nore Light No 35 in Southend but she is a member of several. Gaëlle Ndanga-Adjovi 36, the Inner Guard within the lodge. The pair are pictured at the close of the meeting of Lodge Justice No 4.

And what is the future for female Freemasonry? “I really believe there is a path for Freemasonry in the modern society because there are a lot of members and a lot of initiations still happening,“ says Ndanga-Adjovi.

“The main challenge for Freemasonry is to send the right messages. The old traditions of keeping secrets, of not communicating enough, maybe now need to change.”



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