Stomach bloating: When your bloating could be signalling a worrying condition

Stomach bloating is when an uncomfortable feeling occurs and one’s belly grows in size. Dr Kyle Staller, a gastroenterologist at Harvard-affiliated Massachusetts General Hospital said: “Very quickly it can make you look like you have a bit of a pooch. There’s an enlargement of the abdomen and a sensation of distension.” In some cases, bloating is a symptom of an underlying condition.

Bloating could be a sign of a disorder, including Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS), inflammatory bowel disease, celiac disease, gastroparesis and even some cancers.

When symptoms occur such as bloating, gas and cramps, and either diarrhoea or constipation is present, it’s a clear signal that something is amiss in the digestive tract.

One cause may well be insufficient levels of healthy bacteria, which could have been caused by candida overgrowth.


Occasionally a person’s bloating could be dysbiosis which means an imbalance between good and bad bacteria in the gut.

Many types of fungi live in and on the human body, including the genus of yeast known as candida.

Candida is typically found in small amounts in the mouth and intestines and on the skin.

In normal levels, the fungus is not problematic, however, when Candida begins to grow uncontrollably, it can cause an infection known as candidiasis.

In fact, candida is the most common cause of fungal infections in humans.


Good and bad bacteria

The health of one’s digestive system relies heavily on a balance between the “good” and “bad” bacteria that live in a person’s gut.

The “good” bacteria that normally resides in the gut are important for digestion, as they help process starches, fibres and some sugars.

When the bacteria in the gut becomes imbalance, a person will begin to experience digestive issues, including constipation, diarrhoea, nausea, gas, cramps and bloating.

When bloating is due to a reaction in the diet

Sometimes bloating results when the body has a hard time digesting sugars in certain foods.

The key culprit is a group of foods known as FODMAPS (fermentable oligosaccharides, disaccharides, monosaccharides and polyols).

These foods include wheat, rye, onions, garlic, legumes, honey, pistachios cashews, asparagus and artichokes.

Foods or drinks with fructose or artificial sweeteners are also part of the FODMAP diet.


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