British MPs on Thursday unanimously approved a parliamentary motion denouncing China’s treatment of Uyghurs as genocide, as pressure grows on the Johnson administration to adopt a tougher stance against Beijing.
The non-binding motion, which was put forward by Conservative MP Nusrat Ghani, one of the five members of parliament sanctioned by China last month, was approved in the House of Commons following a three-hour debate.
The UK government is under no obligation to act on the motion which argued that Uyghurs and other ethnic and religious minorities in Xinjiang were suffering crimes against humanity and called for the government to “fulfil its obligations under the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of Genocide”.
Foreign Office minister Nigel Adams told the Commons that the government “acknowledged the strength of feeling” on this issue, adding that the UK had a “strong history of protecting global human rights”.
However, he said the UK’s “longstanding position” was that genocide was a matter to be established by the legal system: “Determining whether a situation amounts to genocide or crimes against humanity is an issue for competent national and international courts after consideration of all the available evidence.”
Conservative MPs have argued that such a parliamentary motion, while non-binding, sends a clear signal that the international community is united in its condemnation of China’s actions.
In February, both the Canadian and Dutch parliaments passed motions describing China’s actions in Xinjiang as genocide and, in its annual human rights report last month, the US government accused China of committing crimes against humanity within the region.
“China’s attempt to intimidate parliament into silence has backfired,” Ghani said. “The elected House has spoken and chose to stand shoulder to shoulder with our international allies, the Uyghur people, and all those who have been sanctioned.”
“This is a historic moment,” said former Conservative leader Iain Duncan Smith after the motion had been carried. “Even though the government maintains that only a court can determine genocide, parliament has chosen to disregard that and vote itself. This puts the UK parliament in line with Holland, Canada and the US.”
The motion intensifies the pressure on prime minister Boris Johnson, who has faced calls from backbench Tory MPs to take a more hardline stance on China.
Relations with the country soured last month after China sanctioned 10 UK organisations and individuals, including academics and lawyers. The decision by China was sparked by co-ordinated sanctions from the US, the EU, the UK and Canada over its treatment of Uyghurs.