WHERE DID HAMAS COME FROM?
Hamas is the largest of several Palestinian militant Islamist groups, explains BBC News.
Its name is an Arabic acronym for the Islamic Resistance Movement – Harakat al-Muqawama al-Islamiya.
Hamas was founded by Sheikh Ahmed Yassin, a Palestinian cleric.
He became an activist in the local branches of the Muslim Brotherhood after dedicating his early life to Islamic scholarship in Cairo.
From the late 1960s, Yassin preached and performed charitable work in the West Bank and Gaza Strip, both of which were occupied by Israeli forces following the 1967 Six-Day War, explains the CFR.
Yassin established Hamas as the Brotherhood’s local political arm in December 1987.
This followed the outbreak of the first intifada, a Palestinian uprising against Israeli control of the West Bank, Gaza, and East Jerusalem.
Hamas later emerged at the forefront of armed resistance to Israel.