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Ice Age ‘puppy’ is found after 18,000 years buried in the permafrost

It has been nicknamed Dogor – a pun on whether it is a dog or a wolf

A perfectly preserved body found in the ice of the Siberian permafrost could be the oldest ever confirmed dog.

The 18,000-year-old pup nicknamed Dogor – a pun on ‘dog or wolf’ – was found in the summer of 2018 and has been studied since then by Love Dalén and Dave Stanton, 34.

They have been trying to work out if it is a wolf or a dog because it comes from the point in history where dogs were domesticated.

If it turns out that it is a dog, it will help researchers learn more about when wolves were tamed.

Love said that when you hold it, it feels like a very recently dead animal.

Pictures show the dog covered in fur apart from an exposed rib cage, its eyes closed and a perfectly preserved set of teeth.

It is believed the puppy may be 18,000 years old (Picture: Kennedy News)
It has a perfectly preserved set of teeth (Picture: Kennedy News)

Love, a professor of evolutionary genetics, said: ‘It’s pretty special because you’re holding it and it really feels like a very recently dead animal.

‘But you think about it and this was an animal that lived with cave lions and mammoths and woolly rhinos. So it’s pretty awesome.

‘It was amazingly well-preserved even before they cleaned it up.

‘[When we found it] we didn’t know how old it was. They said they found it in the permafrost but it happens that things get frozen in there that are only a few hundred years old or even a few decades.

‘We were excited about it but we had a healthy dose of scepticism until we radiocarbon dated it. Obviously when we got the results that it was 18,000 years old, that changes everything.

The animal was found in a tunnel in the permafrost in Siberia (Picture: Kennedy News)

‘When we got that result it was amazing. 18,000 years ago is an interesting time period where we think a lot of stuff is happening with both wolves and dogs genetically.

‘I had assumed that what we’d find was that this was a wolf. But we recently got our first round of results on the genome and we can’t say if it’s a dog or a wolf. We should be able to – it should be easy.

‘We cannot separate it from a modern wolf, Pleistocene [Ice Age] wolf or dog. One reason why it might be difficult to say is because this one is right there at the divergence time.

‘So it could be a very early modern wolf or very early dog or a late Pleistocene wolf.

‘If it turns out to be a dog I would say it is the earliest confirmed dog.’

Fellow researcher Dave said the dog was found in a tunnel that was dug into the permafrost, which is why it is so well preserved.

Researchers hope it will teach them more about the domestication of wolves (Picture: Kennedy News)

It was discovered in a remote part of north-east Siberia a couple of hours from the nearest town Belaya Gora and remains in Russia while Love and Dave study its rib bone back in Sweden.

Dave said: ‘It’s very rare to get specimens that well-preserved. It’s basically been frozen for the last 18,000 years.

‘You can’t find that kind of stuff unless you’re looking in that kind of place and there are obviously not many people doing that.

‘It’s exciting when you get to look at the results and there’s a chance you’ll discover something new.

‘It’s nice to know you might be able to contribute to something that’s been quite a big debate in the field for a long time.

‘[Working on something so ancient and well-preserved] I feel fairly nervous about messing something up in the lab. You don’t want to screw it up.

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‘It seems that dogs were domesticated from a lineage of wolves that went extinct. So that’s why it’s such a difficult problem to work on to understand where and when dogs were domesticated.

‘If you want to find the answer to that you need to look at ancient samples because the population they were domesticated from doesn’t appear to be around anymore.

‘It’s specimens like this that could help clear that up but we don’t have the results yet to speculate on that.’

Sergey Fedorov, 58, who took the incredible photographs of the pup, is working on the specimen back in Russia.

The museum worker said he carefully removed dirt from the critter’s fur to reveal an ‘extremely rare’ condition for specimens that old.

Sergey, from Yakutsk, Russia, in said: ‘It’s an amazing feeling, to see, touch and feel the history of Earth.

‘Just imagine, this puppy has been lying underground in the same pose and condition for 18,000 years without being disturbed at all.

‘I really carefully removed the dirt and other debris stuck to its body step by step, revealing a wonderful condition fur which is extremely rare for animals of that time period.

‘The only negative was that the part of the spine was exposed, baring its ribs.’


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