German prosecutors have formally charged a known neo-Nazi with the June 2019 murder of a pro-refugee politician, the first in a string of recent far-right killings.
Federal investigators said 45-year-old Stephan Ernst drove to Walter Lüebcke’s house in Wolfhagen, central Germany, on the evening of 1 June 2019.
He crept up under cover of darkness to the terrace where Lüebcke sat before shooting him in the head with a revolver.
Ernst’s “racism and xenophobia founded on an ethnic-nationalist attitude were decisive in the act”, prosecutors said in a statement.
The suspect and his fellow accused, identified only as Markus H, had attended a political meeting in October 2015 where Lüebcke argued in favour of accommodating refugees in the town of Lohfelden.
Ernst “from the time of the meeting increasingly projected his xenophobia on to Dr Walter Lüebcke”, a regional politician from Angela Merkel’s centre-right CDU party, prosecutors said.
Following mass sexual assaults against women in Cologne on New Year’s Eve 2015 and a July 2016 terror attack in the French city of Nice, Ernst began spying on Lüebcke in preparation for the murder, travelling repeatedly to the politician’s house to make his plans.
MeanwhileMarkus H, who is charged with complicity in the murder, helped Ernst train with firearms in forests and at gun clubs between 2016 and 2018, “including with the murder weapon”.
Ernst had already inflicted “serious wounds” to the chest and spine of an Iraqi asylum-seeker living in Lohfelden in a January 2016 knife attack that left the victim in intensive care.
At the time of his June 2019 arrest, the main suspect in Lüebcke’s killing held “several firearms and ammunition that he had acquired illegally”, prosecutors said, including three revolvers, two automatic pistols, two rifles, 1,400 rounds of ammunition and a submachine gun.
Arrested soon afterwards, H was found to be in possession of a deactivated submachine gun.
But prosecutors remain convinced that while H “accepted and supported” the danger Ernst posed, he “was not familiar with the actual plans for the attack”.
The killing was followed by an October attack on a synagogue in the eastern city of Halle that left two dead, while a gunman shot dead nine people of migrant backgrounds in the central town of Hanau in February.
Perpetrators in both attacks posted racist screeds online, and the interior minister, Horst Seehofer, has since declared far-right extremism the “biggest security threat facing Germany”, promising a beefed-up security response.