Eczema treatment revolves around soothing symptoms through use of creams or other methods.
Recently, the bathroom product Childs Farm was shown to help soothe the symptoms.
There are several different types of eczema, according to the National Eczema Foundation based in the US.
These include atopic dermatitis, which makes skin red and itchy, contact dermatitis, where skin is inflamed due to exposure to certain substances, and dyshidrotic eczema, which causes blisters to develop.
“Eczema is the name for a group of conditions that cause the skin to become red, itchy and inflamed,” they said.
The NHS recommended these three ways to treat atopic eczema.
Reduce damage from scratching
“Eczema is often itchy and it can be very tempting to scratch the affected areas of skin,” said the NHS on its website.
“But scratching usually damages the skin, which can itself cause more eczema to occur.”
To stop the behaviour, the NHS said rubbing skin with fingers instead may help. If a baby needs to stop scratching, “anti-scratch mittens” can also help.
“Keep your nails short and clean to minimise damage to the skin from unintentional scratching,” they continued.
“Keep your skin covered with light clothing to reduce damage from habitual scratching.”
Once products which cause eczema flare ups are identified, the NHS recommended avoiding them.
To do this they said: “If certain fabrics irritate your skin, avoid wearing these and stick to soft, fine-weave clothing or natural materials such as cotton.
“If heat aggravates your eczema, keep the rooms in your home cool, especially the bedroom.
“Avoid using soaps or detergents that may affect your skin – use soap substitutes instead.”
The NHS also said it “isn’t recommended” to try and remove house dust mites from the home, as “there’s no clear evidence that it helps”.
Make diet changes
Certain foods are more likely to cause an eczema flare-up than others.
Common allergy inducing foods, according to Healthline, include cow’s milk, eggs, soy products, gluten, nuts, fish and shellfish.
However, they warned this should only be done with GP advice.
“It may not be healthy to cut these foods from your diet, especially in young children who need the calcium, calories and protein from these foods.
“If your GP suspects a food allergy, you may be referred to a dietitian. They can help to work out a way to avoid the food you’re allergic to while ensuring you still get all the nutrition you need.”