Brexit was first due to happen on March 29, more than two years after the 2016 referendum vote. However, the deadline has been pushed back twice after MPs repeatedly rejected Brexit deals put forward by first Theresa May and then Boris Johnson. Now, the UK has been granted an extension to January 31 and the PM has promised to ensure the country leaves by that date. So what is next for Brexit?
Boris Johnson took over from Theresa May as Prime Minister in July.
He negotiated a new deal with the European Union and attempted to put it to Parliament on October 19.
However, the vote on his deal did not proceed as MPs voted to postpone a vote until legislation was put into effect which would turn the withdrawal agreement into law.
This move forced the PM to send a letter to request a deadline extension and meant Brexit was pushed back to January 31.
In a bid to progress his withdrawal deal, Boris Johnson called for an election.
On December 12, the Conservatives won a majority, a total of 365 seats, against a dismal outcome for the Labour Party which won just 203 seats.
Mr Johnson campaigned with the message “Get Brexit Done” where he repeatedly promised to ensure the UK would leave the EU by January 31.
So what are the next steps in Britain’s departure from the EU?
After the second reading is complete, the Bill proceeds to committee stage, where each clause and any amendments to the Bill may be debated.
The Committee stage is where a detailed examination of the Bill takes place and is usually started within a couple of weeks of the Bill’s second reading.
Once the committee stage is completed, the Bill returns to the floor of the House of Commons for its report stage, where the amended Bill can be debated and further amendments proposed.
After the report stage is normally followed immediately by debate on the Bill’s third reading.
The Bill then goes to the House of Commons where all of the aforementioned stages are repeated in the Lords.
Once the Bill has passed, it will be put before the Queen to get royal assent.
Now there is a Conservative Party majority in the House of Commons, this is likely to be completed by January 31 as Mr Johnson has repeatedly pledged.
After which time, Brexit trade talks can begin within weeks of January.
If a trade deal will be agreed and ratified by December 2020, the UK will commence a new relationship with the UK in January 2021.
However, if a trade deal is not agreed and ratified by December 2020, the UK will either extend the transition period or leave without a trade deal in January 2021.