Asia-Pacific tech groups have raised record funds from equity markets in the first quarter, with even more fast-growing start-ups from the region set to rush on to global stock exchanges in the coming months.
Asian technology, media and telecommunications companies raised more than $47bn from new listings in the first three months of 2021, according to Dealogic data. Total fundraising climbs to $120bn when follow-on share placements and sales of equity-linked instruments are included.
Both figures mark the best first quarter on record for Asia’s tech sector, and bankers from across China, India, south-east Asia and South Korea say the listings boom has only just begun.
Turbocharged by digitisation during the pandemic, companies are tapping the surging public markets for financial firepower to scale up and expand their businesses. Meanwhile, venture and private equity funds are capitalising on strong demand to exit investments they have held in some cases for more than a decade.
The list of Asian technology companies looking to sell shares in the coming months “is unmatched”, said Jung Min, global co-chief operating officer of Goldman Sachs’ technology, media and telecoms business.
One of the most consequential deals this quarter was South Korean ecommerce app Coupang, the biggest foreign listing in the US since Alibaba in 2014. Its performance is being closely followed by other Korean tech groups looking to go public, such as online grocer Market Kurly and gaming group Krafton.
Coupang, whose valuation at one point soared above $100bn, “made people sit up and pay attention”, Min said. “Rather than everything being centred around the US and Silicon Valley, we are seeing more diverse sources of leading companies and new technologies.”
Companies from China dominate the pipeline, with ride-hailing group Didi Chuxing, artificial intelligence group Megvii and, potentially, TikTok owner ByteDance all set for an initial public offering in the coming months.
But for the first time, bankers say, a diverse batch of tech companies from elsewhere in the region is also set to test public markets, including south-east Asian ride-hailing group Grab, Indonesian ecommerce platform Tokopedia, Indian food delivery app Zomato and South Korean payments business Kakao Bank.
Many are looking to list in the US or, if they are China-based, Hong Kong. But a growing number of them are looking to list shares domestically, especially in India.
The rush of listings is “much more regional, much more broad-based than cycles I have seen previously”, said Oliver Cox, who manages JPMorgan Asset Management’s Pacific Technology Fund.
He added that venture capital funds and investors from the region believe attractive valuations and strong demand made the months ahead prime time for listing, even as some of the biggest global tech stocks face pressure from rising interest rates.
Reflecting that demand, new Asian tech listings in both Hong Kong and New York have jumped more than 60 per cent on average on their first day of trading this year.
The explosion of special purpose acquisition companies, or blank-cheque listings, is also enticing those that might otherwise have waited a few more years to come to market, especially in India.
“I don’t think there’s any doubt that India’s tech space is the last big frontier after China,” said Raj Balakrishnan, head of India investment banking at Bank of America. “It’s probably the most open tech space in the world.”
Alongside Zomato, Indian news aggregator Policybazaar, delivery group Delhivery and ecommerce company Flipkart are looking at listing.
“We are working with several companies who are looking at Spac listings,” said Raja Lahiri, head of private equity and transaction advisory services, at Grant Thornton Bharat.
South-east Asia’s biggest start-up Grab, which offers ride-hailing, food delivery and payments services, is also considering a Spac listing in the US, said two people familiar with its plans.
But a 25 per cent drop for Hong Kong’s Hang Seng Tech index from its recent high in February underscores the potential vulnerability of the listings boom.
Trading for Asian technology groups has been “volatile” this year, especially some of the Chinese players, said Pruksa Iamthongthong, a senior investment director at Aberdeen Standard Investments. “Some valuations are coming down,” she added.
Additional reporting by Edward White in Seoul