“Given the vagueness of the term, it is imperative to understand its key components before considering a differential diagnosis,” the article states.
Fundamentally, it says, mental status is a combination of the patient’s level of consciousness (i.e., attentiveness) and cognition (i.e., mental processes or thoughts). Patients may have disorders of one or both.
Delirium – an abrupt change in the brain that causes mental confusion and emotional disruption – is a commonly reported example of an altered mental status, it adds.
What causes a hypertensive emergency?
According to Mayo Clinic, causes of a hypertensive emergency include:
- Forgetting to take your blood pressure medication
- Heart attack
- Heart failure
- Kidney failure
- Rupture of your body’s main artery (aorta)
- Interaction between medications
- Convulsions during pregnancy (eclampsia).