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5,000-year-old cave paintings discovered in Spain

A view of a 5,000 year-old cave painting in Spain (Pablo Cordobilla/EPA)

Cave paintings thought to date back 5,000 years have been discovered in Spain.

The paintings were found a year ago but it has taken the last 12 months for experts to be sure of their origins.

They were found in Alburquerque, Extremadura – a region of Spain very close to the border with Portugal.

Previous cave paintings have been discovered in this location, making it an important place for researchers and scholars. The archaeological name for these cave paintings is ‘parietal art’.

The paintings were reportedly found by a local neighbour looking for tombs to explore.

Expert and researcher Agustin Palomo inspects the cave painting. (EPA/Pablo Cordobilla)

The painting itself looks almost like an arrow and has a reddish hue.

Earlier this year, a team of scientists from the Kurchatov Institute in Moscow found artists from this time period knew how to use chemistry to create particular tones they wanted.

Roman Senin, head of the synchrotron research department at Kurchatov Institute, told The Siberian Times that his research showed colours used in paintings were ‘the product of heat treatment’.

‘Simply put, the primitive artist heated the mineral to a certain temperature in order to get the colour he needed,’ Senin said.


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